Dr Georgina Robinson

        Dr Georgi Robinson at SAMS is mostly working from and in Mauritius on aquaculture projects

Tropical Ecologist

My interests lie in the development of sustainable aquaculture that is appropriate for small island developing states in the western Indian Ocean.

I have particular interest in the farming of sea cucumbers.

I am based in Mauritius.

Contact details:

My interests lie in the development of sustainable aquaculture technologies that are appropriate to the socio-ecological context of Small Island Developing States in the Western Indian Ocean.

I have over 10 years’ experience in the aquaculture industry in both temperate and tropical environments. In my early career, I developed integrated aquaculture systems in Scotland for the cultivation of Atlantic salmon, sea urchins and seaweed and pioneered the development of sea cucumber and seaweed farming in Madagascar. Since then, I have worked extensively in the field of tropical sea cucumber aquaculture in the Western Indian Ocean and further afield, including Indonesia, New Caledonia, Madagascar, Tanzania, South Africa, Seychelles, Cuba, Saudi Arabia, Oman, Mozambique, Mauritius and Rodrigues.

My research interests focus on understanding how sediment microbial communities and deposit feeding invertebrates interact to process organic matter and how these relationships can be harnessed and manipulated to enhance the bioremediation of aquaculture wastes. My PhD research focused on the development of state-of-the-art integrated aquaculture production and bioremediation systems, to culture high value sea cucumbers on effluent streams from land-based intensive aquaculture. I am particularly interested in the study of organismal and system microbiomes and the role they play in nutrient cycling. I will be pioneering novel techniques and technologies to improve the sustainability of aquaculture by promoting the assimilation and retention of nitrogen into biomass as opposed to its permanent removal.


Past and present research projects

Capacity building in resource assessment and management of the Jamaican sea cucumber fishery and potential for aquaculture development. Funded by the UN FAO

Impacting food security with sea cucumbers in Integrated Multi-Trophic Aquaculture systems. Funded by BBSRC

Baseline technologies for the commercial production of sea cucumber H. scabra in recirculating aquaculture systems (RAS). Funded by THRIP, NRF (S Africa)

A sea cucumber industry for Madagascar. Funded by Norges Vel (Norway)

Regional stock assessment of Octopus cyanea in SW Madagascar. Funded by ReCoMaP (IOC) 9th EDF (EU)

Development of seaweed farming as an alternative livelihood for coastal communities. Funded by ReCoMaP (IOC) 9th EDF (EU)

Marine ornamental and curio trade: benefit or threat? Case study: SW Madagascar. Funded by WASMA, WIOMSA (WIO)

Implementation of holothurian mariculture in SW Madagascar. Funded by ReCoMaP (IOC) 9th EDF (EU)

Aquaculture diversification, Loch Duart Ltd. Funded by CASE, HIE (UK)

Building capacity for sustainable fisheries management in the Wallacea region. Funded by the Darwin Initiative (UK)

Peer reviewed publications

Robinson, G., Caldwell, G.S., Jones, C.L.W. and Stead, S. (2017). Manipulating the carbon to nitrogen ratio of aquaculture effluent is key to culturing sea cucumbers without formulated feeds PLOS ONE – in review.

Nel, A., Pletschke, B.I., Jones, C.L.W., Kemp, J., Robinson, G. and Britz, P.J. (2017). The effect of kelp (Ecklonia maxima) inclusion in formulated feed on growth, feed utilisation and the gut microbiota of South African abalone (Haliotis midae). Aquaculture Research – in review.

Robinson, G., Caldwell, G.S., Wade M. J., Free, A., Jones, C.L.W. and Stead, S. (2016). Profiling bacterial communities associated with sediment-based aquaculture bioremediation systems under contrasting redox regimes. Scientific Reports 6, Article number: 38850. doi:10.1038/srep38850

Robinson, G., Caldwell, G.S., Jones, C.L.W., Slater, M. and Stead, S. (2015). Redox stratification drives enhanced growth in a commercially important deposit-feeding invertebrate: implications for aquaculture bioremediation. Aquaculture Environment Interactions. Vol 8: 1-13. doi: 10.3354/aei00158. Epub 14/12/2015.

Simon, C. San Martin G. and Robinson, G. (2014). Two new species of Syllis (Polychaeta: Syllidae) from South Africa, one of them viviparous, with remarks on larval development and vivipary in syllids. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, volume 94, issue 04, pp. 729-746. doi:10.1017/S0025315413001926

Robinson, G., Slater, M., Jones, C.L.W. and Stead, S. (2013). Role of sand as substrate and dietary component in recirculating aquaculture systems for juvenile sea cucumber Holothuria scabra. Aquaculture 392-395, 23-25. doi:10.1016/j.aquaculture.2013.01.036. Epub 2013 Feb 05.

Eriksson, E., Robinson, G., Slater, M. and Troell, M. (2012). Sea cucumber aquaculture in the Western Indian Ocean - challenges for sustainable livelihood and stock improvement. AMBIO: A Journal of the Human Environment. 41(2), 109-121.


Conference proceedings

Robinson, G. and Pascal, B. (2011). Development of sea cucumber farming as an alternative livelihood in south-west Madagascar. In Hair, C.A., Pickering, T.D. & Mills, D.J. (Eds) Asia-Pacific tropical sea cucumber aquaculture: proceedings of an international symposium held in Noumea, New Caledonia, 15-17 February 2011. Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR), pp. 142-155.

Robinson, G. (2009). Community-based sea cucumber aquaculture in Madagascar. In ‘Mariculture in the WIO region: challenges and prospects’, ed. By Troell, M., Hecht. T., Beveridge, M., Stead, S., Bryceson, I., Kautsky, N. et al. WIOMSA Book Series No. 11, 47-53. Western Indian Ocean Marine Science Association: Zanzibar, Tanzania.



Pascal, B. and Robinson, G. (2011). Handbook for sandfish farming. ReCoMaP. 66pp.

Peabody, S. and Robinson, G. (2011). Sea cucumber farming. WIOMSA Book series No. 7.

Popular Articles

Rombenso, A.N., de Araújo, A. L., Robinson, G. and Sampaio, L.A. Nearshore Marine Finfish Culture: a small-scale pilot initiative in Southern Brazil. World Aquaculture Society Magazine. March 2016 edition: 14-18.

Robinson, G. & Lovatelli, A. (2015). Global sea cucumber fisheries and aquaculture: FAO’s inputs over the past few years. FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Newsletter, 53. March 2015.

Robinson, G. (2013) A Bright Future for Sandfish Aquaculture. World Aquaculture Society Magazine. March 2013 edition: 18-24. https://www.was.org/articles/a-bright-future-for-sandfish-aquaculture.aspx#.WKqK1Vc0ohI

Robinson, G. & Pascal, B. (2009). From Hatchery to Community – Madagascar’s first village-based holothurian mariculture program. Secretariat of the Pacific Community Bêche-de-mer Information Bulletin 29: 38-43

List of conference talks/posters

2016 Conference presentation at Aquaculture Europe 2016, 20-23rd September, Edinburgh, U.K. “Microbial drivers of bioremediation in sea cucumber aquaculture”.

2016 Poster presentation at the International Society for Microbial Ecology (ISME) conference, Montreal, Canada. “The microbiome is the nexus between aquaculture bioremediation and deposit feeder growth.

2015 Invited speaker at the SmartFish Trade Event, 26th-27th March 2015, Entebbe, Uganda. “Potential for sea cucumber aquaculture in the Indian Ocean”.
2014 Invited speaker at the Workshop on Lionfish and Sea Cucumber, 29th-30th April 2014, Havana, Cuba. “Potential for sea cucumber aquaculture”.

2014 Invited speaker at the Workshop on Lionfish and Sea Cucumber, 29th-30th April 2014, Havana, Cuba. “Global status and management of sea cucumber fisheries”.

2013 Conference presentation at the Aquaculture Association of Southern Africa, 9-13th September, Stellenbosch, South Africa. “Sea cucumbers – am emerging aquaculture species”.

2012 Invited speaker at the Potential for Commercial Mariculture Symposium, 26-28th September, Dakar, Senegal. “Global sea cucumber markets and value chains (in French)”.

2012 Invited speaker at the Potential for Commercial Mariculture Symposium, 26-28th September, Dakar, Senegal. “Sea cucumber production systems (in French)”.

2011 Invited speaker at the ACIAR-SPC Asia-Pacific Tropical Sea Cucumber Symposium, Noumea, New Caledonia. “Development of sea cucumber farming as an alternative livelihood in south-west Madagascar”.

2010 Invited speaker at the IFS/WIOMSA Aquaculture symposium, Zanzibar, Tanzania. “Community-based sea cucumber aquaculture in Madagascar”.

2010 Conference presentation at the RCUK Annual meeting. G. Robinson & S. Clement. Development of sea cucumber farming as an alternative livelihood in SW Madagascar

2009 Poster presentation at the 6th WIOMSA Scientific Symposium, St Denis, Reunion. “Development of sea cucumber farming as a viable alternative livelihood in SW Madagascar.

Selected employment history

Feb 2017-present PostDoctoral Assistant in Tropical Ecology. SAMS

Sep 2016-present Grow-out Manager. C Major Price Market Ltd., Mauritius (developing sea pen farming and ranching of sea cucumbers)

Jul 2014-present Consultant. Sea Cucumber Aquaculture. Aquasol Fish Farming Consultants

Apr 2014-present  Consultant. Sea Cucumber Aquaculture. National Aquaculture Group. Al Leith, Saudi Arabia

2010-12  Consultant. Sea Cucumber Aquaculture. HIK Abalone Pty (Ltd). Hermanus, S Africa

2008-10  Mariculture Development Co-ordinator. Blue Ventures Conservation. SW Madagascar

2006-07 Integrated Aquaculture Coordinator. Loch Duart Ltd. Sutherland, Scotland

2005  Assistant Project Manager. Kaledupa Fisheries Project. Operation Wallacea Trust. SE Sulawesi, Indonesia



2016 PhD 'Microbial deposit feeder aquaculture bioremediation systems.' Newcastle University, UK (BBSRC Industrial CASE Studentship)

2002 MSc in Oceanography. University of Bordeaux, France

2003 BSc Marine Science with French. University of Southampton, UK